Hepatitis

12 Week Hepatitis C Treatment

liver cancer
Overview
Hepatitis C is an infection that causes inflammation of the liver and sometimes leads to serious liver damage. There are five stages of the virus; Initial period, Acute hepatitis, Chronic hepatitis, Liver Cirrhosis, and Liver cancer. Hepatitis c spread through exposure to an infected person’s blood. Risks include Sharing drug use equipment, Sharing tattoos, Blood transfusions, Non-sterile medical equipment, blood cutting, and unprotected sex. A doctor can diagnose by taking blood tests, and physical and medical examinations. There is no vaccine available for the hepatitis c virus. Treatment required weekly injections and oral medications. It take usually 3 to 6 months to cure the disease.
 
liver cancer
 
Hepatitis c
Hepatitis c is a viral infection that leads to liver inflammation and liver damage. Inflammation is swelling that occurs when tissues of the body become injured or infected. Inflammation can damage the liver. About 2.4 million people in the U.S have the disease. There are many forms of hepatitis c virus HCV. The most common in the U.S. is type 1.
 
Viruses capture normal cells in your body. There are many viruses that cause infections that can be spread from person to person. The hepatitis c virus spread through contact with an infected person’s blood.
 
Stages of Hepatitis c

The Hepatitis c virus affects people in different ways. It has divided into several stages:

         * Evolution period  
               This is the first exposure to the start of the disease. It can last from14 to 80 days anywhere. The average is 45.

         * Acute hepatitis c
              This is a short-term period that lasts for the first 6 months after the virus enters your body. Some people who have such viruses get rid on their own.
 
         * Chronic hepatitis c  
               55% of the people with the illness move to a long-lasting stage (more than 6 months). This is called chronic hepatitis c infection and can lead to serious health problems.
 
          * Cirrhosis
                This disease leads to inflammation of the liver over time. It replaces the healthy liver with damaged tissue. It takes about 20 to 30 years for this. If you take any kind of drink like alcohol or have any serious disease like HIV it can be faster.
 
          * Liver cancer
                Cirrhosis leads to liver cancer more fastly. Your doctor will make you regular medical tests necessary. Because there are no symptoms in the early stage.
 
How do you get Hepatitis c?
The Hepatitis c virus gets into your body through contact with an infected person.
  • Have injected drug
  • Blood transfusion
  • Have kidney dialysis
  • Contact with blood and infected needles
  • Tattoos and their tools
  • Mother to an unborn baby
  • A person with HIV infection
  • Having more than one sex partner in the last 6 months
  • Infected blood
  • In prison
Causes of hepatitis c
Hepatitis c comes from the virus (HCV). The most common causes of Hepatitis c are:
 
Non-infectious hepatitis
Although hepatitis is a most common result of an infection, other factors are responsible.
 
Alcohol and other toxins
* Excessive consumption of alcohol can cause liver damage and inflammation. This is called Alcoholic hepatitis.
* Alcohol directly injures the cells of the liver. It can cause permanent liver damage and lead to damage to liver tissues causing Cirrhosis and Liver cancer.
 
Autoimmune system response
In some cases, the immune system of a person mistakes. It attacks the liver. This causes ongoing inflammation that can range from mild to severe. It stops liver function. It’s three times more common in women than men.
 
Symptoms of Hepatitis C
Most people infected with hepatitis c have no symptoms in the initial stage. Some people with an acute infection of hepatitis c have mild symptoms within 1 to 3 months after they are exposed to the virus. Some symptoms may include:
  • Dark yellow urine
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Pale stool
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Weight loss
  • Feeling tired
  • Joint pain
If you have chronic hepatitis c generally in this case no symptoms develop until complications. Therefore hepatitis c screening is important to know the virus.
 
How do Doctors diagnose hepatitis c?
Doctor diagnose hepatitis c based on your medical history, physical exam, and blood tests. If your tests result positive the doctor do additional tests to check your stage and liver condition.
 
Medical history
In medical history, your doctor knows about your symptoms and knows the history of blood transfusions or injected drug use. Information about ways of transferring infection from another person to you.
 
Physical exam
To diagnose the forms of hepatitis c doctor will take the history of your symptoms and conditions During the physical examination, your doctor will check your temperature, Swelling of legs and feet, Redness on the palms of the hands, See the yellow color of your skin and the white color of your eyes, Press your abdomen to see pain and swelling of the liver, fluid in the belly.
 
Liver function tests
Liver function tests are blood tests that check the overall health of the liver. Positive results show the first indication of a problem in the liver. It may include:
 
Albumin is a protein made in the liver.
The total protein is the total amount of protein in the blood.
Bilirubin is a waste product made by the liver.
Lactate dehydrogenase (LD), is an enzyme found in most body cells.
Prothrombin time is a protein involved in both clottings.
High liver enzymes indicate that your liver is stressed, damaged, and not functioning well.
 
Blood tests
These tests indicate if you have hepatitis c. To check the presence of hepatitis viruses. The doctor may check the sign of autoimmune hepatitis.
 
Liver Biopsy
In this test, the doctor will check your liver damage. Liver biopsy is a procedure that involves taking samples of tissue from your liver.
These tests allow your doctor to know if infection or inflammation has affected your liver.
 
Treatment of Hepatitis c
Antiviral medication can treat both acute and chronic forms of hepatitis c. People who develop acute hepatitis c do not require treatment. But chronic hepatitis c requires a combination of antiviral drug therapies. Other tests are also needed to determine the forms of medicine.
People who develop cirrhosis or liver disease due to chronic hepatitis c may require liver transplants.
 
How to take precautions to protect yourself?
  • If you do not have hepatitis, you can protect yourself from hepatitis c infection. The measure must be taken:
  • Do not share drug needles or other material
  • Use sterile tools while making tattoos and unopened ink
  • Do not share personal items such as razors, toothbrushes, nail clippers, towels, or combs.
  • Wearing gloves if you touch any person’s blood or wound.
 

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