Diabetes Can Cause Vision Loss: All You Need To Know


What is Diabetes?

Diabetes refers to a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. It is a chronic disease. It happens when the pancreas of your body is not able to make insulin or when your body cannot use sufficient insulin to fulfill its requirements. It is a lifelong condition.

Insulin is a kind of hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin is primarily responsible for transferring sugar from your blood into your cells for energy preservation or utilization. All the food we eat is broken down into glucose in our blood. Insulin helps this glucose get into your cells. Diabetes occurs when your body is unable to make adequate insulin or cannot use this insulin as needed. 

If left untreated, it can cause damage to your eyes, nerves, kidneys, and other organs. To prevent diabetes complications. Consult your doctor right away and manage it. 

How many types of Diabetes?

There are mainly three types of diabetes:

Type 1 DiabetesA person can develop it at any age. However, it is mostly found in children and adolescents. This is also known as autoimmune diabetes. In this case, your immune system can infect or damage your cells in the pancreas. In this condition, your body produces small amounts of insulin or no insulin. You are required to take insulin injections daily to control your blood sugar levels. 

Type 2 DiabetesIt is more frequently seen in adults. 90% of all cases of diabetes are caused by this type. In this case, your body no longer produces insulin and does not use insulin properly. You have to take insulin drugs to maintain your glucose levels.

Gestational diabetes (GDM) – This type of diabetes is found during pregnancy. It is caused by an insulin-blocking hormone. This causes complications for both mother and child. It generally disappears after pregnancy. But it increases the risk of developing diabetes in the future.

What is Diabetic Eye Disease?

Diabetic eye disease refers to various eye problems that affect people with diabetes. Later on, it can damage your eyes, leading to poor vision or even blindness. 

How many types of diabetic eye disease?

Diabetic eye disease can be classified into four types:

Diabetic retinopathy – It occurs when blood vessels in the retina become swollen, discharged, or blocked. An abnormal blood vessel grows on the surface of the retina. This type of diabetes mostly occurs in people with low blood sugar levels. People who have long-term diabetes.

Diabetic macular edema – It mainly occurs when fluids assemble on the retina and it may cause swelling and blurred vision. It leads to edema. This causes permanent loss of vision.

Diabetes and Cataracts – It may be due to high blood sugar. In this condition the lenses of your eyes become cloudy. It can be prevented by maintaining control of your blood sugar levels and surgery. 

Diabetes glaucoma – This is a disease that may destroy your optic nerve or eye. As a result, vision is permanently lost. Diabetes increases the chances of getting glaucoma. 

How diabetes may affect your eyes?

Diabetes affects your eyes when your blood sugar level is too high. 

You do not have vision loss due to high blood sugar. Sometimes people have blurry vision for a few days or weeks. When they change their diet and lifestyle or take diabetes medicines. High blood sugar can change your fluid level or it may cause swelling in the tissues of your eyes. It may cause blurred vision. This condition is temporary and it fades away after you control your blood sugar levels. 

If this blood sugar level remains high for a long time, it can destroy the small blood vessels on the backside of your eyes. These damaged blood vessels may discharge fluid and cause swelling. This may lead to the development of new abnormal blood vessels. This abnormal blood vessel leads to bleeding in the central part of your eye, scarring, and increased pressure under your eyes.

How to manage or protect yourself from diabetic eye disease?

 These are some of the steps you can take to keep your eyes healthy. This includes:

  • Control your blood sugar level, blood pressure, or cholesterol. These are all called diabetes. 
  • Avoid smoking or drinking alcohol.
  • Examine your eyes with your doctor once or twice a year.


Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems that lead to blurred vision or sometimes blindness. This mainly happens due to long-term uncontrolled diabetes. It makes your eyes weak. To prevent such conditions you need to control your diabetes by making changes in your diet, and lifestyle or taking medicines to control diabetes. Check your eyes with your doctor once or twice a year. It protects you from eye problems and further complications. 

Helpful: Top 10 Tips for Staying Healthy During the Winter


What is the treatment for eye diabetes?

Treatment depends on the type of diabetes or its severity. It will become mild to moderate. It depends on your control of sugar. In mild cases, your doctor prescribes eye drops that allow you to put them inside your eyes. These drops make your view better. In severe cases, your doctor may give an injection in the eyes or they can perform surgery. 

What are the 10 best eye hospitals in India?

Some of the 10 best hospitals in India are:

Aravind Eye Hospital

Kenia Eye Hospital

Sankara Nethralaya

Thind Eye Hospital

Center for Sight

Aditya Jyot Eye Hospital 

Vasan Eye Care

Narayana Nethralaya

Netradeep Eye Hospital Private Limited

Utsav Eye Clinic

How many types of eye surgery are done in India?

There are seven types of eye surgery done in India:

Refractive Surgery

Cataract Surgery

Glaucoma Surgery

Corneal Surgery

Vitreo-retina Surgery

Eye muscle Surgery

Oculoplastic Surgery

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