Health, Cancer

Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Liver Cancer

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most widely recognized type of liver cancer. It is a serious condition that can cause death. Hepatocellular carcinoma can be treated with surgery to remove the cancerous tumor or a liver transplant if it is detected early. Symptoms may be relieved and the tumor may shrink or grow slowly with other treatments. Non-alcohol-related fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cirrhosis of the liver are both linked to hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatocellular carcinoma should always be checked for in people with cirrhosis or NAFLD.

SYMPTOMS

Hepatocellular carcinoma is not the only condition with similar symptoms. Hepatocellular carcinoma is not necessarily present if you exhibit one or more of these symptoms. However, talk to your doctor if you have these side effects. They will determine the condition that caused your symptoms and treat it. Potential hepatocellular side effects include:

  • You haven’t tried to lose weight.
  • You don’t have much appetite after a small meal or you feel very full.
  • You’re throwing up and feeling sick.
  • On your right side, you feel a fullness or knot under your ribs. This could be a sign that your liver is too big.
  • On your left side, you feel fullness under your ribs. This could be a sign that your spleen has grown too big.
  • You are experiencing pain in your stomach or near your right shoulder blade.
  • Your stomach appears to be swelling up as if it is being filled with fluid.
  • You get itchy skin.
  • Your skin and eyes are becoming dull or yellow. This could indicate that you have jaundice.

CAUSES

Hepatocellular carcinoma is most commonly caused by liver cirrhosis. Healthcare professionals are increasingly encountering cases of hepatocellular carcinoma in individuals with non-alcohol-related fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Your risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma is also increased by other medical conditions and lifestyle choices.

  • Type 2 diabetes.
  • Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.
  • Smoking.
  • Being overweight.
  • Excessive use of alcohol.

Ask your doctor about having a hepatocellular cancer screening if you or someone you know has any of these conditions. Your doctor can help you improve your health and lower your risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma if you smoke, are overweight, or drink a lot of alcohol.

How does my body respond to advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma?

Hepatocellular carcinoma can lead to liver failure over time. However, hepatocellular carcinoma can prevent your liver from managing your body’s essential functions prior to that. In addition to other things, your liver:

  • Keeps track of the nutrients in your body, transforms them into substances that your body can use, stores them, and delivers them to your cells as needed.
  • Gathers harmful substances and ensures that they are either harmless or expelled from the body.
  • Promotes healthy blood flow by producing substances that aid in blood clotting and removing infection-causing bacteria.

TREATMENT

The Best Treatment for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Hepatocellular carcinoma can be treated in a number of different ways. A treatment plan will be developed by your healthcare providers based on your overall health, the size of your tumor, and whether or not your liver is functioning normally.

In addition, they will discuss your treatment objectives, options, and potential side effects with you. They want you to know everything about your situation so you can make wise decisions. They will inquire about your preferences after you have shared information with them. Your preferences and your provider’s recommendations will be reflected in your final treatment plan.

What surgical options are available for Hepatocellular Carcinoma?

Hepatectomy and liver transplantation are the surgical options. When your liver is functioning normally and your tumor is restricted to a single area of your liver, a hepatectomy is typically performed.

For hepatocellular carcinoma, what other treatments are available?

Therapy for ablation: Your doctor uses a needle to burn your tumors.

Chemoembolization or embolization therapy: Chemotherapy drugs are injected into your liver’s main artery, where they are delivered to your tumor. The drugs are then allowed to remain longer in your tumor by temporarily blocking your artery. Targeted treatment. By focusing on the genes of cancer cells, this treatment prevents damage to healthy cells and stops cancer cells from growing.

Immunotherapy: Therapy with radiation.

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FAQS

When should I see my medical professional?

If your existing symptoms get more severe or you notice new symptoms, you should talk to your doctor.

When do I need to visit the emergency room?

Unusual or excessive bleeding can be the result of hepatocellular carcinoma. If you start to bleed from bumps and bruises or your rectum, go to the emergency room or get medical help right away.

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