Over a million people suffer from kidney disease, and the majority of them are unaware of it. The physical signs and symptoms of renal disease are similar to those of other health conditions. Additionally, kidney disease patients typically do not exhibit symptoms until later stages, such as when the kidneys are close to failing. This is especially true when excessive protein is present in the urine. The National Kidney Foundation found that only 10% of people with chronic kidney disease are aware of their condition.
Because it is difficult to detect and most people with early-stage CKD are unaware of it, chronic kidney disease is actually referred to as a “silent” health condition. Most people get regular blood pressure, sugar, and cholesterol tests, but they don’t get a kidney function test to see if they have any kidney problems. In India, chronic kidney disease is the eighth leading cause of death, according to the Global Burden of Disease study from 2015.
There are a few warning signs of a problem with the kidney, but because they are not specific, most people mistake them for other diseases or ignore them. As a result, if you notice any signs of a kidney problem, you need to be very careful and have regular kidney profile tests done as soon as possible. Additionally, annual testing is absolutely necessary if you have hypertension, diabetes, a family history of kidney failure, or are over the age of 60.
Kidney Disease Warning Signs
Urinary alteration: Kidneys in good health help filter the blood to make urine. However, problems with urination, such as an urge to urinate more frequently or blood in the urine, may arise when the kidneys fail to function properly. Also, if your urine is foamy or bubbly, it could be a sign that your kidneys are damaged and protein is leaking into them.
Fatigue: A person may experience feelings of exhaustion and difficulty concentrating due to an accumulation of toxins and impurities in the blood as a result of impaired kidney function. Another complication of kidney disease is anemia, which can also cause weakness and fatigue.
Itching: If your skin is dry and irritated, you may have a kidney problem that is resulting in an imbalance of minerals and nutrients in your blood. Additionally, high phosphorus levels in the blood are the most common cause of itching.
Edema: Swelling (edema) in the feet and lower limbs can occur when the kidneys fail to remove excess sodium and fluid from the body.
Inability to breathe: When the kidneys aren’t removing fluid, extra fluid can build up in the lungs, leading to shortness of breath. Additionally, anemia caused by chronic kidney disease may result in a lack of oxygen-carrying red blood cells, which may also lead to shortness of breath.
Achy back: You might experience localized pain that doesn’t change or get more intense when you move near the kidneys. In the lower back, the kidneys are on either side of the spine, and kidney problems can result in pain there. Additionally, an infection or kidney blockage, both of which can eventually result in kidney damage, could be the cause of back pain.
Appetite Loss: A lack of appetite may be caused by the accumulation of waste and toxins brought on by impaired kidney function. You might have tried to eat, felt extremely sick, or felt full.
Eyes Puffy: A persistent puffiness around the eyes may be an early sign of kidney disease if protein leaks into the urine as a result of kidney damage.
Cramping the muscles: Electrolyte imbalances, such as low calcium or high phosphorus levels, can result from impaired kidney function, which can cause muscle cramps.
Harsh Breath: A condition known as uremia, which can cause foul breath, can occur when the kidneys are unable to remove waste. In addition, toxins in the bloodstream may impart a metallic or unpleasant flavor to food.
Lack of Sleep: Sleep apnea and chronic kidney disease (CKD), which can eventually result in organ damage and kidney failure, are strongly linked, according to a number of pieces of evidence. Additionally, because it prevents the body from getting enough oxygen, sleep apnea may cause kidney damage. Nerves that control kidney function may be damaged by sleep disorders.
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