Cancer, Health

Oral Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

oral cancer

What is Oral or Mouth Cancer?

Cancer that affects the inside of your mouth is known as oral cancer or mouth cancer. Having a sore that bleeds or white patches in your mouth may seem like an ordinary issue with your lips or mouth. Whether it is ordinary oral cancer or potential cancer, these changes never go away. Oral cancer can spread to other parts of your head and neck from your mouth and throat if it is not treated. Approx sixty-three percent (63%) of people with this cancer live for 5 years after diagnosis.

Who is affected by this Mouth Cancer?

About 11 out of every 100,000 people will develop oral cancer in their lifetime. Oral cancer is more common in men than in women. Oral cancer affects white people more frequently than black people.

How is my body affected by this Oral Cancer?

Both the oropharynx and the mouth can be affected by oral cancer. Your tongue, the roof of your mouth, and the middle of your throat, which is visible with your mouth wide open, are all contained in your oropharynx. Oropharyngeal cancer is cancer of the oropharynx. Oral cancer, also known as oral cavity cancer, is the subject of this article.

Your mouth is made up of:

  • Your teeth.
  • The inner lining of your cheeks.
  • Your tongue’s first two-thirds.
  • The part of your mouth that is below your tongue is called the floor.
  • The first part of your mouth’s roof.
  • The region immediately behind your wisdom teeth.


Multiple signs and symptoms of oral cancer can be mistaken for typical mouth issues or changes. For instance, you might notice hard-to-remove patches in your mouth. Pre-cancerous conditions could be the cause of these patches.


These conditions all manifest as distinct colored patches in the mouth and throat. More details are provided below:

  • Leukoplakia: In your mouth or throat, these are patches that are gray or flat white.
  • Erythroplakia: These are red patches that are flat or slightly raised. When scraped, these patches might bleed.
  • Erythroleukoplakia: These are white and red patches.

Among the most common symptoms are:

  • Lip or mouth sores that bleed profusely and take longer than two weeks to heal.
  • Areas on your lips, gums, or inside your mouth that are rough or crusty.
  • Areas of your mouth that bleed without a clear cause.
  • Numbness, pain, or tenderness in your mouth, face, or neck that has no obvious cause.
  • Difficulty speaking, chewing, swallowing, or moving your tongue or jaw.
  • Weight loss that wasn’t planned.
  • Earache.
  • Persistent foul breath.

How is Oral (mouth) Cancer treated by medical professionals?

Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery are the three main options for oral (mouth) cancer treatment. For each of your options, discuss the purpose, potential side effects, and ways to manage them with your doctor.

Before recommending treatment, your healthcare provider takes a number of factors into account. Some of these are:

  • The type of oral cancer you have.
  • If your oral cancer has spread beyond the original site to other parts of your mouth, throat, or body.
  • Your overall well-being.
  • You are old.


Oral cancer surgeries are the most common:

  • Surgery on a primary tumor: Tumors are removed by medical professionals through an incision in your neck or through your mouth.
  • Glossectomy: Your tongue may or may not be removed in this manner.
  • Mandibulectomy: This is oral cancer surgery on your jawbone.
  • Maxillectomy: The hard palate, which is the bony roof of your mouth, can be taken out in part or in full during this procedure.
  • Biopsy of a sentinel lymph node: If cancer has spread beyond the initial oral cancer, this test helps healthcare providers determine this.
  • Sectioning the neck: Lymph nodes in your neck are removed during this procedure.
  • Reconstruction: Reconstructive surgery, in which a portion of your lips, tongue, palate, or jaw is replaced or gaps left by the tumor are filled by large tissue removals, may follow. Reconstructive surgery may involve the removal of healthy bone and tissue from other parts of your body in some instances.

What should I expect? When will I be diagnosed with this cancer?

This cancer includes cancer in your mouth. Early detection and treatment of oral cancer, as with the majority of cancers, increases the likelihood of its spread. New cancer occurs in approximately 1/3 of those treated for oral cancer. Discuss the need for follow-up examinations with your healthcare provider if you have been treated for oral cancer.

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