What is Carfilnat Injection?
Carfilnat Injection contains a drug called Carfilzomib which is an anti-cancer drug. It is used to treat a type of cancer called multiple myeloma. It works to block or stop cancer cells. It slows down the growth of cancer cells, prevents their multiplication, and spreads to other parts of the body.
What is the Carfilzomib drug used for?
Carfilnat is sold under the brand name Kyprolis. It was developed by Onyx Pharmaceuticals. Carfilzomib is a class of medications called proteasome inhibitors. It is used alone or in combination with other medications. It is used to treat people with multiple myeloma. It works to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells in your body. It is used to treat adult patients.
What is multiple myeloma cancer?
Multiple myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells. Plasma cells make antibodies ( called immunoglobulins) that help the body attack and kill germs. A normal plasma cell is found in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is the soft tissue inside the bones.
Plasma cells are an important part of the immune system. The immune system is made up of several types of cells that work together to fight infections and other diseases. Normal plasma cells and bone marrow are the home for other blood cells such as red cells, white cells, and platelets.
When a plasma cell becomes cancerous and grows out of control, this is called multiple myeloma.
- How does multiple myeloma occur?
Multiple myeloma is a rare blood cancer that affects your plasma cells. A plasma cell is a type of white blood cell. Multiple myeloma occurs when healthy cells turn into abnormal cells that multiply and produce abnormal antibodies called M proteins. This change starts and causes medical conditions and issues that can affect your bones, kidneys, and body’s ability to make healthy red and white blood cells and platelets.
- What are the symptoms of multiple myeloma?
Multiple myeloma causes many symptoms but bone pain is the first symptom people realize. Other symptoms include:
- Weakness in your arms and legs
- Sensation of numbness
- Feeling tired
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Feeling confused
Carfilnat Injection is given as an injection by a medical professional. Dose and duration will be decided by the necessity and need of the patient. It depends on the treatment and may change from time to time. You should take medicine as per your doctor’s advice. This medicine is strictly not recommended for children, pregnant women, and breastfeeding mothers. It takes some weeks and months to get a better result. Do not stop taking medicine before your doctor’s advice.
The common symptoms of this medicine include fatigue, nausea, and fever. This medicine may reduce the number of blood cells ( red and white blood cells) in your blood. It increases the chances of infections. Inform your doctor if any side effects become serious and remain for a long time. Drink plenty of water and stay hydrated.
What are the Benefits of Carfilnat Injection?
Treatment of Multiple Myeloma
In multiple myeloma, your bones become weak and painful. It is easier to break.
Carfilnat Injection may be given along with other medicine and cancer treatment like chemotherapy. This medicine will kill the cancerous cells. It prevents their growth and spread to other parts of the body. The use of calcium and vitamin D3 is also effective in this treatment.
Side effects of Carfilnat Injection
There are Some major and minor side effects of this medicine. But not all side effects need doctor’s attention. If you may experience any side effects that become serious, You may consult your doctor.
Some of the common side effects of this medicine include
- Fever, chills
- Low blood counts
- Shortness of breath, cough
- Nausea, vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Headache, dizziness
- Joint pain, stomach pain, hands, and feet pain
- Muscle Pain
- Numbness in hands or feet
How is carfilnat Injection given?
Always take this medicine as per your doctor’s consultation. It is given in form of an injection by your doctor. Dose and duration will decide your doctor. Do not miss the dose. If you miss a dose skip the missed dose and follow your schedule regularly on the next day. Do not double the dose. Take medicine every day on time as prescribed by your doctor. Much other medicine can affect this, so let your doctor know all the medication you are using during the treatment.
How does carfilnat Injection work?
Carfilnat injection inhibits the proteasome enzyme complex in the cells. This complex help breaks down proteins when they are not needed. Inhibition of complex in cancer cells prevents the breakdown of abnormal proteins leading to inhibition of growth and multiplication of cancer cells.