What is a Duovir Tablet?
The Duovir Tablet contains drugs called Lamivudine and Zidovudine. It belongs to a group of medicines known as antiretrovirals. It is a nucleoside analogue It is used in combination with other medications to treat HIV infection. Its function is to interfere with the growth of the HIV infection. This medicine is not a cure for HIV infection. It only prevents the virus from multiplying in your body. Your doctor will monitor your liver function and kidney function while receiving this medicine. It is based on the clinical condition of the patient.
What Lamivudine and Zidovudine drugs are used for?
Lamivudine is commonly called 3TC. This medicine is used to treat hepatitis B infection. It is not a cure for hepatitis B and does not prevent the passing of hepatitis B to others. This medication is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor that works to slow the growth of the virus and decrease liver damage caused by the virus.
This drug is also used with other HIV medications to help to control HIV infection. It helps to decrease the amount of HIV in your body so your immune system can work better. This lowers your chances of getting HIV complications and improves your quality of life. Lamivudine belongs to a class of drugs known as nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. It is not a cure for HIV infection. It decreases your risk of spreading HIV disease to others. Continue to take all HIV medications exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
Zidovudine is also known as azidothymidine. It is sold under the brand name Retrovir. It is used along with other medications to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This medicine is given to HIV-positive pregnant women to reduce the chance of passing the infection to the baby. Zidovudine is in a class of medications called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. It works to decrease the amount of HIV in the blood. It does not cure HIV, it may decrease the chances of developing acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and related illnesses such as serious infections or cancer.
What is HIV?
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It harms your immune system by destroying a type of white blood cell that helps your body infection. This puts you at risk for serious infections and certain cancers.
- How does HIV spread?
HIV can spread in different ways:
- Through unprotected sex with a person with HIV. This is the most common way that it spreads.
- By sharing drug needles
- Through contact with the blood of a person with HIV
- From mother to baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
- What are the signs and symptoms of HIV infection?
The first signs of HIV infection may be flu-like symptoms:
Swollen lymph nodes
These symptoms may come and go within two or four weeks. This stage is called acute HIV infection.
The dosage for these medications should be based on your medical history and current conditions. The usual dose in adults for HIV infection is about 150 mg twice daily or 300 mg once daily. Before taking medicine consult your doctor. Dose and duration will be decided by the necessity and need of the patient. It depends on the treatment and may change from time to time. You should take medicine as per your doctor’s advice. This medicine is strictly not recommended for children, pregnant women, and breastfeeding mothers. It takes some weeks and months to get a better result. Do not stop taking the medicine before your doctor’s advice.
Common side effects of this medicine include fatigue, headache, nausea, and dizziness. If these side effects become serious, you consult with your doctor. Your doctor can prevent and give relief from the side effects. It makes you feel better during the treatment.
Benefits of the Duovir Tablet
- In the treatment of HIV infection
Duovir Tablet helps to control HIV infection. It helps to decrease the amount of HIV in your body and makes your immunity work better. It reduces the chances of getting HIV complications like co-infections and other cancers. It is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. It improves immunity that results in longevity of life.
Side effects of Duovir Tablet
There are Some major and minor side effects of this medicine. But not all side effects need doctor attention. If you observe any side effects become serious, You may consult your doctor.
Some of the common side effects of this medicine include:
Chills and fever
Nausea and vomiting
Difficulty with bowel movements
Abdominal and stomach cramps
Loss of appetite
Difficulty in sleeping
How is the Duovir Tablet taken?
The dosage for these medications should be based on your medical history and current conditions. The usual dose in adults for HIV infection is about 150 mg twice daily or 300 mg once daily. Always take this medicine as per your doctor’s consultation. Dose and duration will decide your doctor. You are not allowed to crush, chew and break the medicine. Swallow it as a whole. Drink plenty of water. Do not miss the dose. If you miss a dose skip the missed dose and follow your schedule regularly on the next day. Do not double the dose. Take medicine every day on time as prescribed by your doctor. Much other medicine can affect this medicine so let your doctor know all medication you are using during the treatment.
How does the Duovir Tablet work?
This medicine is a class of HIV nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. It blocks the HIV enzyme known as reverse transcriptase. It can be used for treating both HIV 1 and HIV 2 as well as hepatitis B (HBV) which stops DNA synthesis. This tablet is used in combination with other drugs to treat these diseases.