What is Eligard 45 mg Injection?
Eligard 45 mg Injection contains salt called Leuprolide. It is manufactured in India by Emcure Pharmaceuticals Limited. It is a gonadotropin-releasing hormone ( GnRH) medicine. It is used to treat prostate cancer in men, breast cancer in women, uterine fibroids, and endometriosis in women. This medicine is used to treat hormone-responsive cancer in women. It works to reduce the amount of testosterone that the body makes. This medicine helps to slow or stop the growth of cancer cells and helps to relieve the symptoms of cancer.
What is Leuprolide acetate drug used for?
This drug is manufactured in India by Bharat Serums and Vaccines Limited. Leuprolide Injection is used to treat the symptoms associated with advanced prostate cancer. This Injection is used in children 2 years of age or older to treat puberty ( CPP: a condition causing girls usually younger than 8 years of age) and boys ( usually younger than 9 years of age) to enter puberty too soon, It results in faster than normal bone growth and development of sexual characteristics. This injection is used alone or with other medicines to treat endometriosis. Leuprolide acetate keeps the body from making the hormones luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone ( LHRL). This causes testicles to stop making testosterone ( a male hormone) in men, and the ovaries to stop making estradiol ( a form of the hormone estrogen) in women. Leuprolide acetate may stop the growth of cancer cells that need testosterone to grow and stop the growth of endometrial tissue and uterine fibroids. It is in a class of medications called gonadotropin-releasing hormone ( GnRH) agonists. It works to decrease the number of certain hormones in the body.
How does prostate cancer develop?
Prostate cancer develops when cells in the prostate gland start to grow out of control. Prostate cancer is very common, affecting one out of every nine men.
The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland that’s part of a man’s reproductive system. This gland sits below a man’s bladder in front of the rectum. The gland makes fluid that mixes with semen during ejaculation. This fluid helps protect sperm and keeps it healthy for conception and pregnancy.
- What are the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer?
Early-stage prostate cancer rarely causes symptoms. These problems may occur as the disease progresses:
- Frequent need to urinate, especially at night
- Weak urine flow or starts and stops
- Painful urination
- Bowel incontinence
- Painful ejaculation and erectile dysfunction
- Blood in semen
- Lower back pain, hip pain, and chest pain
- Leg or foot numbness.
How does breast cancer occur?
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers among women, second only to skin cancer. It is the most likely to affect women over the age of 50. Breast cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the breast. It can start in one or both breasts. It occurs when breast cells change and grow out of control. It creates a mass of tissue called a tumor. Breast cancer can occupy and grow into the tissue surrounding your breast. It can travel to other parts of the body and form new tumors. This stage is known as metastasis ( cancerous).
- What are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?
Breast cancer symptoms can vary for each person. Some signs of breast cancer include:
- A change in the size, shape, and texture of the breast.
- A mass or lump, as small as a pea
- A lump or thickening in or near your breast or in your underarm
- A change in the look of your skin on your breast or nipple
- Redness of the skin on your breast or nipple
- A marble-like hardened area under your skin
- Bloodstained or clear fluid discharge from your nipple
What are uterine fibroids?
Uterine fibroids are a common type of noncancerous tumor that can grow in and on your uterus. One in five women may have fibroids during their childbearing years. Half of all women have fibroids by age 50.
Uterine fibroids are growths made up of the muscle and connective tissue from the wall of the uterus. These growths are usually not cancerous. Your uterus is an upside-down pear-shaped organ in your pelvis. The size of the uterus is similar to a lemon.
Fibroids can grow as a single nodule or in a cluster. It can range in size from 1 mm to more than 20 cm in diameter or even larger. This growth can develop within a wall of the uterus, inside the main cavity of the organ, or even on the other surface. Fibroids can vary in size, number, and location within and on your uterus.
- What are the signs and symptoms of uterine fibroids?
Small fibroids don’t experience any symptoms but larger fibroids can cause a variety of symptoms including:
- Excessive or painful bleeding
- Bleeding between periods
- A feeling of fullness in your lower abdomen
- Frequent urination
- Pain during sex
- Low back pain
- Chronic vaginal discharge
- Increased abdominal distention
How does endometriosis happen in women?
Endometriosis happens when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows on other parts of your body. When this tissue grows in the wrong places, it can cause you to feel uncomfortable symptoms that can impact your daily life.
When you have endometriosis, endometrial-like tissue grows on other organs or structures. This tissue can grow within your abdomen, pelvis, and chest. This tissue is hormonally sensitive and can inflame during your menstrual cycle. It can cause ovarian cysts, superficial lesions, deeper nodules, and scar tissue within your body.
- What are the signs and symptoms of endometriosis?
People who do experience symptoms of endometriosis may have:
- Very painful menstrual cramps
- Abdominal pain or back pain during period
- Pain during sex
- Heavy bleeding during periods
- Painful bowel movements
Eligard 45 mg Injection comes as a long-acting suspension that is injected into a muscle by a doctor. It is usually given once a month or every 3, 4, or 6 months. Before taking medicine consult your doctor. Dose and duration will be decided by the necessity and need of the patient. It depends on the treatment and may change from time to time. You should take medicine as per your doctor’s advice. This medicine is strictly not recommended for children, pregnant women, and breastfeeding mothers. It takes some weeks and months to get a better result. Do not stop taking the medicine before your doctor’s advice.
Common side effects of this medicine include increased sweating, fatigue, muscle weakness, and hot flashes. If these side effects become serious, you consult your doctor. Your doctor can prevent and give you relief from the side effects. It makes you feel better during the treatment.
Benefits of Eligard 45 mg Injection
- In the treatment of Prostate cancer
This medicine decreases the amount of testosterone (a natural hormone in males) in men. This also relieves difficulty in passing urine and makes it easy and comfortable to urinate.
- In the treatment of Breast cancer
It kills cancer cells. It stops and reduces the growth of cancer cells. It prevents the multiplication and spreading of cancer cells to other parts of the body. It also relieves the symptoms of breast cancer.
- In the treatment of Uterine fibroids
This injection helps to control the symptoms of uterine fibroids and reduces the size of the existing fibroids. It blocks the action of the enzyme responsible for the growth of the fibroids. It decreases the size and stops its further growth.
- In the treatment of Endometriosis
Eligard Injection works to prevent the lining of your womb and any tissue from growing too quickly. This will help to relieve the symptoms you may have. This medicine needs to be taken regularly to control endometriosis.
Side effects of Eligard 45 mg Injection
Here are Some major and minor side effects of this medicine. But not all side effects need a doctor’s attention. If you observe any side effects become serious, You may consult your doctor.
Some of the common side effects of this medicine include:
How is Eligard 45 mg Injection given?
Eligard 45 mg Injection comes as a long-acting suspension that is injected into a muscle by a doctor. It is usually given once a month or every 3, 4, or 6 months. Always take this medicine as per your doctor’s consultation. Dose and duration will decide your doctor. You are not allowed to crush, chew and break the medicine. Swallow it as a whole. Drink plenty of water. Do not miss the dose. If you miss a dose skip the missed dose and follow your schedule regularly on the next day. Do not double the dose. Take medicine every day on time as prescribed by your doctor. Much other medicine can affect this medicine so let your doctor know all medication you are using during the treatment.
How does Eligard 45 mg Injection work?
Eligard 45 mg Injection works to reduce the levels of sex hormones testosterone and estrogen circulating in the body.