What is a Lenalid 25 mg Tablet?
Lenalid 25 mg Tablet contains salt called Lenalidomide. It belongs to a group of medicines that affect how your immune system works. It is an anti-cancer drug used in patients suffering from disorders or cancers of the blood. It is used to treat adults with multiple myeloma, mantle cell lymphoma, Myelodysplastic syndrome, and follicular lymphoma. It is used in combination with dexamethasone for the treatment of multiple myeloma. This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women as well as in patients less than 18 years of age.
What is the Lenalidomide drug used for?
Lenalidomide is sold under the brand name Revlimid. It is manufactured in India by Natco Pharma Limited. Lenalidomide is used to treat certain types of myelodysplastic syndrome ( a group of conditions in which the bone marrow produces blood cells that are not healthy and does not produce enough healthy blood cells). Lenalidomide is used along with dexamethasone to treat people with multiple myeloma. It is used to treat people with multiple myeloma, and mantle cell lymphoma. This medicine may be used safely and effectively to treat certain conditions. Lenalidomide is in a class of medications called immunomodulatory agents. It works to help the bone marrow to produce normal blood cells and to kill the abnormal cells in the bone marrow.
What is Multiple myeloma?
Multiple myeloma is also known as Kahler’s disease. It is a rare type of blood cancer. There is no cure, but treatments can slow its spread and sometimes make symptoms go away. It is a type of white blood cell called plasma cell that makes antibodies that fight infections in your body.
- How does multiple myeloma happen?
Multiple myeloma happens when healthy cells turn into abnormal cells that multiply and produce abnormal antibodies called M proteins. This change starts a case of medical issues and conditions that can affect your bones and your body’s ability to make healthy red and white blood cells and platelets.
- What are the signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma?
Multiple myeloma causes many symptoms, but the first symptom people notice. Other symptoms include:
Weakness in your arms and legs
Sensation of numbness
Nausea and vomiting
Loss of appetite
Feeling confused or foggy.
What is Mantle Cell Lymphoma?
Mantle cell lymphoma is a cancer of white blood cells, which helps your body fight infections. Lymphocytes are found in your lymph nodes, the pea-sized glands in your neck, groin, armpits, and other places that are part of your immune system.
- What does mantle cell lymphoma cause?
If you have mantle cell lymphoma, some of your lymphocytes, called B-cell lymphocytes, change into cancer cells. They multiply quickly and out of control. It starts to form a tumor in your lymph nodes. They enter into your blood or lymph channels and spread to other lymph nodes and bone marrow, digestive tract, spleen, and liver.
- What are the signs and symptoms of Mantle cell lymphoma?
Most people with mantle cell lymphoma have cancer cells in more than one lymph node and other parts of the body. You may have symptoms such as:
Loss of appetite
Loss of weight
Nausea and vomiting
Swollen lymph nodes in your neck, armpits, or groin
A sense of fullness or discomfort from enlarged tonsils, liver, or spleen
Pressure or pain in the lower back often enlarged tonsils, liver, or spleen
Pressure or pain in the lower back, often going down one or both legs
What is Myelodysplastic syndrome?
Myelodysplastic syndrome is a group of cancers that keep your blood stem cells from maturing into healthy blood cells. It can cause serious conditions such as anemia, frequent infections, and bleeding that won’t stop. Some people with MDS may develop acute myeloid leukemia. Treatment can slow its progress, relieve symptoms and treat conditions that stem from MDS.
- How does myelodysplastic syndrome develop?
MDS develops when something goes wrong with your blood cell production. When your blood stem does not mature into healthy blood cells. These stem cells end up dying in your bone marrow or entering your bloodstream. This increases the chances of developing serious health problems.
- What are the signs and symptoms of Myelodysplastic syndrome?
Anemia is the most common symptom. Some of the symptoms may include:
Weak and tired
Spots on your skin
Lenalid 25 mg is given orally in a form of 25 mg dosage once daily which is taken for 21 days in a 28-day dosage cycle in the morning or evening. Along with lenalid, 40 mg of dexamethasone is given on days 1 to 4, 9 to 12, and 17 to 20 in the same 28-day dosage cycle. Before taking medicine consult your doctor. Dose and duration will be decided by the necessity and need of the patient. It depends on the treatment and may change from time to time. You should take medicine as per your doctor’s advice. This medicine is strictly not recommended for children, pregnant women, and breastfeeding mothers. It takes some weeks and months to get a better result. Do not stop taking the medicine before your doctor’s advice.
Some common side effects of this medicine include headache, weakness, nausea, rash, and dizziness. This medicine reduces the number of blood cells ( red and white blood cells) in your blood. This increases the chances of infections. You can consult your doctor to get relief from the side effects to feel better. Regular blood tests are required to check your blood cells during the treatment.
The benefit of Lenalid 25 mg Tablet
- In the treatment of Multiple myeloma
Lenalid 25 mg is used in combination with other medications to treat multiple myeloma. It kills the cancer cells and prevents their further growth as well as spread to other parts of the body. Vitamin D3 is also an effective medicine.
- In the treatment of Mantle cell lymphoma
Lenalid 25 mg Tablet is an anticancer medicine. It works to enhance the immune system that indirectly attacks the cancer cells. It prevents the growth of new blood vessels within the cancer cells. It stops it’s spreading and multiplication.
- In the treatment of Myelodysplastic syndrome
Lenalid 25 mg Tablet is used in combination with other medicines. It enhances response against myelodysplastic syndrome. It increases the overall time to proceed with their action. It improves the overall survival of patients.
Side effects of Lenalid 25 mg Tablet
Here are Some major and minor side effects of this medicine. But not all side effects need a doctor’s attention. If you observe any side effects become serious, You may consult your doctor.
Some of the common side effects of this medicine include:
Unusual tiredness or weakness
How is Lenalid 25 mg taken?
Lenalid 25 mg is given orally in a form of 25 mg dosage once daily which is taken for 21 days in a 28-day dosage cycle in the morning or evening. Along with lenalid, 40 mg of dexamethasone is given on days 1 to 4, 9 to 12, and 17 to 20 in the same 28-day dosage cycle. Before taking medicine consult your doctor. Always take this medicine as per your doctor’s consultation. Dose and duration will decide your doctor. You are not allowed to crush, chew and break the medicine. Swallow it as a whole. Drink plenty of water. Do not miss the dose. If you miss a dose skip the missed dose and follow your schedule regularly on the next day. Do not double the dose. Take medicine every day on time as prescribed by your doctor. Much other medicine can affect this medicine so let your doctor know all medication you are using during the treatment.
How does the Lenalid 25 mg Tablet work?
Lenalid 25 mg activates T cells and natural killer cells of the immune system and facilitates the attack on cancer cells. It acts against the growth of blood vessels in the cancer cells. It delays the development of the tumor by inhibiting its growth and multiplication.