What is X- Vir Entecavir 0.5 mg?
X-Vir Entecavir 0.5 mg is sold under the brand name Baraclude. It is manufactured by Natco Pharma Limited. It belongs to a group of medicines called Antiviral drugs. It is used in the treatment of HIV infection and chronic hepatitis B virus (HCV) infection. It is used in adults, children and adolescents ( 2- 18 years old). It prevents the multiplication of viruses in human cells. This medicine stops the virus from producing new viruses and clears up your infection.
What is hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is a viral infection that causes liver inflammation and damage. Inflammation is swelling that occurs when tissues of the body become injured or infected. Inflammation can damage organs.
Viruses attack normal cells in your body. Many viruses cause infections that can spread from person to person. The hepatitis B virus spreads through contact with an infected person’s blood, semen, or other body fluids.
The hepatitis B virus can cause acute or chronic infection.
Acute hepatitis B
Acute hepatitis B is a short-term infection. Some people have symptoms, which may last several weeks. In some cases, symptoms last for 6 months. Sometimes the body can fight infection and the virus goes away.
Chronic hepatitis B
Chronic hepatitis is a long-lasting infection. Your chances of developing chronic hepatitis B are greater if you were infected with the virus as a young child. About 90 percent of infants infected with hepatitis B develop a chronic infection. About 25 to 50 percent of children infected between the ages of 1 and 5 years develop chronic infections. About 5 percent of people first infected as adults develop chronic hepatitis B.
- How to spread Hepatitis B?
The hepatitis B virus causes hepatitis B. The hepatitis B virus spreads through contact with an infected person’s blood, or body fluids. Contact can occur by
- Being born to a mother with hepatitis B
- Having unprotected sex with an infected person
- Sharing drug needles or other drug materials with an infected person
- Getting an accidental stick with a needle that was used on an infected person
- Being tattooed or pierced with tools that were used on an infected person
- Having contact with the blood or open sores of an infected person
- Using an infected person’s razor, toothbrush, or nail clippers
- What are the signs and symptoms of hepatitis B?
Some people with acute hepatitis B have symptoms 2 to 5 months after they come in contact with the virus. These symptoms may include:
Dark yellow urine
Gray or clay-colored stools
Loss of appetite
Pain in the abdomen
Yellow eyes and skin are called jaundice.
What is HIV ?
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus/. It harms your immune system by destroying a type of white blood cell that helps your body infection. This puts you at risk for serious infections and certain cancers.
- How does HIV spread?
HIV can spread in different ways:
- Through unprotected sex with a person with HIV. This is the most common way that it spreads.
- By sharing drug needles
- Through contact with the blood of a person with HIV
- From mother to baby during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
- What are the signs and symptoms of HIV infection?
The first signs of HIV infection may be flu-like symptoms:
Swollen lymph nodes
These symptoms may come and go within two or four week. This stage is called acute HIV infection.
Entecavir comes as a tablet and solution to take by mouth. It is usually taken once a day on an empty stomach, at least 2 hours after a meal and at least 2 hours before the next meal. Before taking medicine consult your doctor. Dose and duration will be decided by the necessity and need of the patient. It depends on the treatment and may change from time to time. You should take medicine as per your doctor’s advice. This medicine is strictly not recommended for children, pregnant women, and breastfeeding mothers. It takes some weeks and months to get a better result. Do not stop taking the medicine before your doctor’s advice.
Common side effects of this medicine include headache, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, fatigue, diarrhea and rash. You may experience a skin reaction or liver damage. Your doctor can prevent and give relief from side effects and make you feel better. Your doctor will closely monitor you for these in the initial period of treatment.
Benefits of X-Vir Entecavir 0.5 mg
- In the treatment of chronic hepatitis B
In patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This tablet works to prevent the HBV virus from multiplying in the body. It helps to control the infection and makes the immune system work better. It lowers the chances of getting complications and improves the quality of life.
This medicine is always taken in combination with other antiviral medicines. It does not cure and should neither be used to prevent HBV infection.
- In the treatment of HIV infection
X-Vir Entecavir belongs to a class of medications called nucleoside analogs. It works to decrease the amount of HIV virus in the body. Entecavir does not cure HIV and may not prevent complications of the virus. It lowers the chances of getting compilations and improves the quality of life.
How is X-Vir Entecavir taken?
Entecavir comes as a tablet and solution to take by mouth. It is usually taken once a day on an empty stomach, at least 2 hours after a meal and at least 2 hours before the next meal. Before taking medicine consult your doctor. Always take this medicine as per your doctor’s consultation. Dose and duration will decide your doctor. You are not allowed to crush, chew and break the medicine. Swallow it as a whole. Drink plenty of water. Do not miss the dose. If you miss a dose skip the missed dose and follow your schedule regularly on the next day. Do not double the dose. Take medicine every day on time as prescribed by your doctor. Much other medicine can affect this medicine so let your doctor know all medication you are using during the treatment.
How does X-Vir Entecavir work?
Entavir 1.0 mg tablet is an antiviral drug. It inhibits DNA reproduction, reverse transcription, and transcription in the process of viral replication. Entavir tablet reduces the number of hepatitis B viruses in the bloodstream by inhibiting its ability to multiply and thus infect other cells.